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AIKI                       Often used as short form of the word Aikido.

AIKIDO   Art formed by Morihei Ueshiba ( Yueshiba ).  The word is made up of three Japanese characters  

            Ai Harmonize with, meet, etc.

            Ki   Spirit, etc. ( can be thought of as Power, etc. )

            Do  Way, road ( the ethically correct way, of’ life as well as the art. )    Chinese = Tao.

DOGU Tools, weapons for training, etc.

DOJO    Training hail or room.

DOMO ARIGATO-GOZAIMASU Thank you very much. Arigato or even Domo are sometimes used.

DORI   Phonetic change of Tori. See Tori.

ERI Collar & lapel.

GAESHI Phonetic change of. Kaeshi. See Kaeshi.

GI On the end of a noun means clothes, kit etc.

GO-KYO  Lit. 5th Teaching. A straight ann ( lock ) holding position. Ude-Nobashi.

HAISHIN  Back stretching.

HINERI A twist.

 H0  As in Kokyu-Ho a method; a way.

 DAI-IKKYO Lit. 1st Teaching. Ude-Osae. An arm—hold.

 IRIMI Lit, going into ( towards ) the ( partner’s ) body.

 IRIMI-NAGE has a.connection with the above,( though may be done Tenkan ). A throw where the thrower’s arm is across the partner’s body.

J I ME   Phonectic change of Shime. See Shime.

Jo   A stick.

KA   As in Aikido—ka= An expert. In Britain is used as a convenient phrase for anyone doing Aikido.

KAESHI A turn over, give back, et;c.Best thought of as turn up and out from the body.

KAITEN Turn or rotate.

KATA As in Kata-te-tori One ( of a pair ).

KATA As in Kata-Tori Shoulder.

KATA As in Juno-Kata Form, a standard set, etc.

KOKYU  has a meaning of breathing, knack, trick, etc.

KO KYU- N AGE  A throw where the thrower’s chest is in a naturally expanded position. Most Aikido throws could be called this but Kokyu-nage is used to mean a forward throw where the partner is thrown

by his own grip.

KEI-KO Training so kei-ko-gi

KOTE  Used to mean wrist but is the Gauntlet used in sword fighting or fencing ( Kendo).

KUBI Neck.

MAE Front or forward as in Mae-Ukemi.

MAITTA I’m Defeated; I give in. Said when the taps of submission are not possible


MOCHI From verb Motsu to have, take, hold.

MUNE Chest.

NAGE A throw.

NI- KYO Lit. 2nd Teaching  Kote-Mawashi . A wrist-hold.

NOBASTII                        As in Ude-Nobashi ( Go-Kyo ) Stretch.

OMOTE Direction of technique, see Irimi.

O-NEGAI-SHIMASU If you please; would you please

OSAE As in Ude-Osae ( Ikkyo ) hold down

OTOSHI From verb Otosu, to drop

RYO As in Ryo-te-tori, both ( hands ).

SAN-KYO  Lit. 3rd Teaching (Kote—Hineri) A wrist-hold

SHI-HO Lit.Four directions

SHIKKO Lit Kneeling going. Knee walking

SHIME  Strangle or wring

SHOMEN  As in Sho-men-uchi, used as front of the head

SOTO  Outside.

SUMI  As in Sumi-otoshi, ( inside ) Corner

SUWARI  Sit, kneel.

TAN-T0   Lit. Short Sword, Knife, dagger

TE  Hand

TE-KUBI   Wrist.

TEN-CHI  Lit. Heaven and Earth

TEN-KAN  Turn, change. As in Ten—Kan-Nage

TEN-KAN  Direction of technique ( Ura )

TORI  As in Kata—te—Tori to Take ( hold of )

TORI   Lit. Taker. The one who applies the Aikido technique. A term easier to understand is Nage Lit. Thrower.

TSUKI   A Thrust, Stab, Lunge.

UCHI As in Sho=men-Uchi hit.

UCHI As in Uchi-kaiten-nage Inside.

UDE Arm.

UKE Lit. Receiver. Person who attacks and is defeated by the Aikido technique.

UKE-MI Lit Receiving Body. Breakfall.

UNDO ( Physical ) Exercise.

URA Direction of technique. ( Ten-kan ).

USHIRO The Back, rear, ( from ) Behind.

WAZA Technique.

YOKO MEN As in Yoko-men-uchi. (Blow to) the side of the head, or neck.

YON-KYO Lit. 4th Teaching. Tekubi-Osae. A fore-arm-hold.


One Ichi
Two Ni
Three San
Four Shi (Yon)
Five Go
Six Roku
Seven Shichi (Nana)
Eight Hachi
Nine Ku (Kyu)
Ten Ju